What is pelvic congestion syndrome?

What is pelvic congestion syndrome?


"What is pelvic congestion syndrome? What are the symptoms of pelvic congestion syndrome? What is the treatment of pelvic congestion syndrome?" What you need to know about pelvic congestion syndrome 

Pelvic Congestion Syndrome (PKS), a disease of the veins in the lower abdomen, is a common disease in women. Unexplained women who have had groin, lower abdominal pain for a long time (more than 6 months) have PKS alone or in combination with other diseases. Acibadem Fulya Hospital Cardiovascular Surgery Specialist Assoc. Dr. Dr. Cem Arıtürk says: KS PKS is very similar to venous insufficiency and varicose veins in the origin and formation mechanism. In women, located in the lower abdomen of the uterus, ovaries, such as organs that collect blood and veins in the upper part of the leg veins due to the expansion of the flow caused by various causes of the disease is the basis of the disease. He may return in the early stages,

What are the causes of pelvic congestion syndrome?

Dr. Cem Arıtürk categorizes the most important factors causing PKS in the following four headings:

Pregnancy is the most important factor

PKS is seen especially in women in their 30s. Pregnancy is the most important cause of PKS. In addition to the effect of hormonal changes on the veins during pregnancy, flow and pressure changes in the vessels due to growing in the abdomen and uterus are considered among the main reasons. The fact that the vein flow, which is already passive against gravity, becomes more difficult with this pressure in the abdomen causes the blood flow to slow down in the arteries, the backflow begins and the arteries expand due to the accumulation of blood. This expansion, which is initially temporary in non-strength veins, can become permanent in the future. Thus, recurrent pregnancies significantly increase the risk for PKS formation.


Women who have previously had varicose veins or whose parents have varicose disease are also at risk for PKS. Therefore, it is useful to control these individuals in terms of both varicose veins and PKS during pregnancy.

Inactivity is too dangerous

Inactivity, which is one of the problems of today, may cause deterioration of blood flow in the legs and lower veins of the abdomen. Regular sports, intermittent walking during the day, movement will be an important protection shield for women with other risk factors for PKS.

Attention to those with DVT

Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT), which is also a vein disease and characterized by coagulation within the vein, increases the risk of PKS as it will cause deterioration of the vessel structure and flow dynamics. Apart from all these reasons, a number of congenital anatomic problems that can be seen in the veins can be the cause of PKS. Any woman over 30 years of age or pregnancy who is undiagnosed despite abdominal pain and groin pain for more than 6 months should be alert for PKS and a vascular surgeon should consult with the specialist.

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